An Adaptive Regularisation framework using Cubics (ARC) was proposed for unconstrained optimization and analysed in Cartis, Gould and Toint (Part I, Math Program, doi:
10.1007/s10107-009-0286-5
, 2009), generalizing at the same time an unpublished method due to Griewank (Technical Report NA/12, 1981, DAMTP, University of Cambridge), an algorithm by Nesterov and Polyak (Math Program 108(1):177–205, 2006) and a proposal by Weiser, Deuflhard and Erdmann (Optim Methods Softw 22(3):413–431, 2007). In this companion paper, we further the analysis by providing worst-case global iteration complexity bounds for ARC and a second-order variant to achieve approximate first-order, and for the latter second-order, criticality of the iterates. In particular, the second-order ARC algorithm requires at most
$${\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3/2})}$$
iterations, or equivalently, function- and gradient-evaluations, to drive the norm of the gradient of the objective below the desired accuracy
$${\epsilon}$$
, and
$${\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3})}$$
iterations, to reach approximate nonnegative curvature in a subspace. The orders of these bounds match those proved for Algorithm 3.3 of Nesterov and Polyak which minimizes the cubic model globally on each iteration. Our approach is more general in that it allows the cubic model to be solved only approximately and may employ approximate Hessians.