We prove the unicity of a complex of sheaves*F* whose microsupport is carried by a “dihedral” Lagrangian Λ of*T*^{*} X (*X*=a real manifold) and which is simple with a prescribed shift at a regular point of Λ. Our method consists in reducing Λ, by a real contact transformation, to the conormal bundle to a*C*^{1}-hypersuface, and then in using [K-S 1, Prop. 6.2.1] in the variant of [D'A-Z 1]. This is similar to [Z 2] but more general, since complex contact transformations and calculations of shifts are not required. We then consider the case of a complex manifold*X*, and obtain some vanishing theorems for the complex of “microfunctions along Λ” similar to those of [A-G], [A-H], [K-S 1] (cf. also [D'A-Z 3 5], [Z 2]).