We have previously shown that the human red cell glucose transport protein and the anion exchange protein, band 3, are in close enough contact that information can be transmitted from the glucose transport protein to band 3. The present experiments were designed to show whether information could be transferred in the reverse direction, using changes in tryptophan fluorescence to report on the conformation of the glucose transport protein. To see whether tryptophan fluorescence changes could be attributed to the glucose transport protein, we based our experiments on procedures used by Helgerson and Carruthers [Helgerson, A.L., Carruthers, A., (1987)J. Biol. Chem.262:5464–5475] to displace cytochalasin B (CB), the specificd-glucose transport inhibitor, from its binding site on the inside face of the glucose transport protein, and we showed that these procedures modified tryptophan fluorescence. Addition of 75mm maltose, a nontransportable disaccharide which also displaces CB, caused a timedependent biphasic enhancement of tryptophan fluorescence in fresh red cells, which was modulated by the specific anion exchange inhibitor, DBDS (4,4′-dibenzamido-2,2′-stilbene disulfonate). In a study of nine additional disaccharides, we found that both biphasic kinetics and DBDS effects depended upon specific disaccharide conformation, indicating that these two effects could be attributed to a site sensitive to sugar conformation. Long term (800 sec) experiments revealed that maltose binding (±DBDS) caused a sustained damped anharmonic oscillation extending over the entire 800 sec observation period. Mathematical analysis of the temperature dependence of these oscillations showed that 2 μm DBDS increased the damping term activation energy, 9.5±2.8 kcal mol−1 deg−1, by a factor of four to 39.7±5.1 kcal mol−1 deg−1, providing strong support for the view that signalling between the glucose transport protein and band 3 goes in both directions.